Accra has a population of about 2 million inhabitants and approximately 70% of its commuters use informal minibus called tro tro every day. These tro tro are operated by a multitude of private operators organized in associations. Urban Transport Project funded by World Bank and AFD, led to the creation of Departments of Transport (DoTs) in January 2015 in four municipalities of Accra Metropolitan Area. DoTs are particularly I charge of taxi and tro tro regulation of taxi.
The aim of the project was to acquire knowledge of the current tro tro services including operators association, routes, level of service, and basic information on travel patterns with quick and low cost approach. The wish was to develop innovative approach using smartphone mobile technology to simplify data collection and post treatment. Side objective is to develop sustainable scalable methodology and tools to duplicate this kind of project in other cities.
The project was implemented using smartphone application and dedicated surveyors which real time data collection and geotracking. 3 phases have been implemented (i) Phase 1: Identification of the route of more than 300 line (ii) Phase 2: Detailed qualification of the level of service of 60 principal lines (iii) Phase 3: Formalization of a protocol of acquisition and exploitation of the data to automate the beneficiary and allow him to make regular updates. The current website is the results of this project, Accra Tro Tro Map and level of service.
This project gathered different stakeholders with main actors Accra Municipality DOT Staff (Mr Alex Johnson), AFD staff (Simon Saddier, Guillaume Meyssonnier, Antoine Chèvre, Gwenaël Prié and Augustine Attiah) and Concordia University staff (Zachary Patterson). For phase 3, project explores OpenStreetMap opportunities for mapping with Transitec and Jungle Bus Team. Project thanks for their kindly support government of Ghana, World Bank and GAPTE.
Available in pdf and svg here
Transport data is available in GTFS here
Find the raw data directly on OpenStreetMap thanks to overpass-turbo here.
Start of Urban Transport Project co financed by World Bank and AFD and creation of Urban Passenger Transport Units (UPTUs) in four municipalities of Accra Metropolitan Area.
UPTUs successfully transformed into Departments of Transport (DoTs) becoming permanent municipal entity.
An assesment of 300 lines route in Accra with a new methodology using smartphones.
A hackathon with local coders to create value from the data.
Detailed qualification of the level of service of 60 principal lines.
Formalization of a protocol of acquisition and exploitation of the data to automate the beneficiary and allow him to make regular updates using OpenStreetMap platform.
Develop a common approach among different experiences (Accra Mobility, Digital Matatus, Transport for Cairo…) and proposed open source resources to enhance approach and develop similar projects in new cities.